Topic: Reciting Quran at the Burial Site for Isal e Sawab   (No-18029)

Q Which surah should be recited at a grave for a consecutive 40 days? Also, which surah should be recited at a grave for the duration it takes to slaughter a camel?

a1) Reciting the Quran to perform Isal e Sawab for a deceased person is permissible at any time, whether at their burial site or elsewhere. However, there is no evidence from the Noble Hadith to support the practice of reciting a specific surah at the burial site of a deceased person for forty days.
2) It is mustahabb to recite the first 5 verses of Surah Al Baqarah while standing near the head of the deceased, and the last two verses of Surah Al Baqarah while standing near their feet, after burial. Similarly, the Noble Hadith mentions staying at the grave for a short while after burial to pray for the forgiveness and steadfastness of the deceased.
Note: The phrase "stay for a while" in the hadith refers to the amount of time it takes to slaughter a camel and distribute its meat, as explained by Hazrat Amr bin al A'as (ma Allah be pleased with him). It is important to note that this does not mean that a camel must actually be slaughtered and its meat distributed. Rather, it is simply a way of measuring time. The Arabs were known for their efficiency in slaughtering and distributing camels, so this was a common reference point for them.
For more details, please refer to fatwa number 5509.

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دلائل:

سنن ابی داؤد: (رقم الحدیث: 3221، ط: دار الرسالة العالمیة)
عن عثمان بن عفان قال: کان النبي صلی اللّٰہ علیہ وسلم إذا فرغ من دفن المیت وقف علیہ، فقال: استغفروا لأخیکم وسلوا لہ التثبیت، فإنہ الآن یسئل".

مرقاة المفاتيح: (1229/3، ط: دار الفکر)
ثم قال السيوطي: وأما القراءة على القبر فجاز بمشروعيتها أصحابنا وغيرهم. قال النووي في شرح المهذب: استحب لزائر القبور أن يقرأ ما تيسر من القرآن، ويدعو لهم عقبها، نص عليه الشافعي، واتفق عليه الأصحاب، وزاد في موضع آخر: وإن ختموا القرآن على القبر كان أفضل.

مشکاۃ المصابیح: (538/1، ط: المکتب الاسلامی)
عن عبد الله بن عمر قال: سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: "إذا مات أحدكم فلا تحبسوه وأسرعوا به إلى قبره وليقرأ عند رأسه فاتحة البقرة وعند رجليه بخاتمة البقرة" رواه البيهقي في شعب الإيمان.

رد المحتار: (237/2، ط: دار الفکر)
وكان ابن عمر يستحب أن يقرأ على القبر بعد الدفن أول سورة البقرة وخاتمتها.

Allah the Almighty knows best.
Darul ifta Al-Ikhlas, Karachi.

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