Topic: Shariah Ruling about Nikah Done through messages   (No-103302)

Q Is the Nikah valid on messages by accepting each other without witnesses?

a  In order for a Nikah to be valid, a gathering for accepting each other and the presence of both parties themselves or by lawyer on their behalf is necessary. It is also mandatory for the two witnesses to be present together in the gathering and hear the words of the Nikah.
 
Therefore, the Nikah is not valid when a boy and a girl accept each other through the message.

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References:

الدر المختار مع رد المحتار: (14/3، ط: سعید)
"ومن شرائط الإيجاب والقبول: اتحاد المجلس لو حاضرين، وإن طال كمخيرة"

و فیہ ایضاً: (73/4، ط: زکریا)
ولا بکتابة حاضر بل غائب بشرط إعلام الشہود بما في الکتاب مالم یکن بلفظ الأمر فتتولی الطرفین۔ وتحتہ في الرد: إذا الکتابة من الطرفین بلا قول لاتکفي ولو في الغیبة، تأمل۔
 
ALLAH Almighty knows best
DARULIFTA AL-IKHLAS,Karachi

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