Topic: Distribution of property between wife, three sons and three daughters   (No-3640)

Q My father had built a house for the family under my mother's name. He had died 5 years ago. He didn't leave any will.
My mother who is still alive Alhamdulillah, wants to sell the house and distribute money among her children.
We are 3 brothers and 3 sisters. Can you tell how much she should be paying to each son and each daughter and what can she keep for herself?
Also, this property has tenants because it has multiple floors which was rented out. Who should take rent money and how will it be spent on house maintenance?
Thanks and Jazakallah

aIt should be noted that if your father only named your mother as the owner of the property and did not give up the possession, then all of this property will be counted as your father's property and will be divided after his death among those considered by Shariah as legal heirs.
After deducting the expenses of funeral and burial, repaying loans, and if he died testate then after executing the will in one third (1/3), the total property will be divided into seventy two(72) parts. The widow of the deceased will get nine (9), each son fourteen (14) and each daughter seven (7).
If division is done according percentage then
For widow - 12.5%
For each son - 19.44%
Each daughter will receive 9.72%.
Note: The five-year rent will be divided in the same proportion among the legal heirs.


القرآن الکریم: (النساء، الایہ: 11- 12)
يُوصِيكُمُ اللَّهُ فِي أَوْلَادِكُمْ ۖ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْأُنثَيَيْنِ۔۔۔۔الخ
وَلِأَبَوَيْهِ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدٍ مِّنْهُمَا السُّدُسُ مِمَّا تَرَكَ إِن كَانَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ۔۔۔۔الخ
فَإِن كَانَ لَكُمْ وَلَدٌ فَلَهُنَّ الثُّمُنُ مِمَّا تَرَكْتُم ۚ مِّن بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ تُوصُونَ بِهَا أَوْ دَيْنٍ۔۔۔۔الخ

الدر المختار: (689/5، ط: سعید)
"بخلاف جعلته باسمك فإنه ليس بهبة"۔

الفتاوی الھندیۃ: (الباب الثانی فیما یجوز من الھبۃ و ما لا یجوز، 378/4، ط: رشیدیہ)
’’لا يثبت الملك للموهوب له إلا بالقبض هو المختار، هكذا في الفصول العمادية‘‘.

Allah knows best
Darulifta Alikhlas,Karachi

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